From the New World Symphony
by Antonin Dvořák
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Watch and listen to this recording of the "New World Symphony" performed by the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra! The "Largo" movement begins at 10:30.
THE NEW WORLD
1841 - 1904, Czechoslovakia
Dvořák was originally from Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. For much of his life he was a struggling musician and composer.
At the age of 34, Dvořák received a grant from the Austrian government and began publishing his compositions. He traveled to England and across Europe, gaining acclaim.
Dvořák was invited to be the director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York City in 1892 by a wealthy patroness named Jeannette Thurber. He was reluctant to go but was offered a staggering $15,000, which his family urged him to take.
While in the US, he wrote the Symphony in E Minor, Op. 95, (The "New World Symphony") and other compositions inspired by the music he heard across his travels in the United States.
An African-American student introduced Dvořák to spirituals, which are said to have influenced the music he wrote in the "New World Symphony."
Dvořák became homesick and returned to his country after three years in the United States.
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The country where Dvorak was from has changed its name and territory many times. While it was known as Bohemia in Dvorak's time, today it is known as the Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe. Though it is officially considered to be part of Eastern Europe, it's capital city, Prague, is actually in Western Europe!
The Czech Republic is home to more castles than any other country in the world (over 2,000!), and the largest castle in the world can be found in Prague.
The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech.